A - Z Cannabis Glossary
There's a lot of terminology in the cannabis scene - some culutral phrases, other words have been pulled in from botany or other industries. So we've put together this handy A-Z cannabis glossary for you to navigate the world of cannabis more accurately.
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2-AG, also known as 2-arachidonoylglycerol, is a naturally occurring endocannabinoid that is produced by the human body. It is part of the endocannabinoid system and acts as a cannabinoid receptor agonist, meaning that it binds to and activates cannabinoid receptors in the body. 2-AG is synthesized on demand in response to various physiological and environmental cues, and it is involved in regulating a variety of physiological processes, including pain sensation, mood, and appetite. It is also believed to play a role in regulating the immune system and inflammatory response. Research on 2-AG and other endocannabinoids is ongoing, and scientists are continuing to investigate their potential therapeutic applications.
Anandamide is a naturally occurring endocannabinoid that is produced by the human body. It is part of the endocannabinoid system and acts as a cannabinoid receptor agonist, meaning that it binds to and activates cannabinoid receptors in the body. Anandamide is synthesized on demand in response to various physiological and environmental cues, and it is involved in regulating a variety of physiological processes, including mood, pain sensation, and appetite. It is sometimes referred to as the "bliss molecule" because of its role in regulating mood and producing feelings of pleasure and happiness. Anandamide is rapidly broken down by the body's enzymes, so it has a relatively short lifespan in the body. Research on anandamide and other endocannabinoids is ongoing, and scientists are continuing to investigate their potential therapeutic applications.
An anther is a part of the male reproductive system of a flowering plant. It is a sac-like structure that is located at the top of the stamen, the male reproductive organ of the flower. The anther contains pollen, which is the male gamete, or sex cell, of the plant. When the flower is ready for pollination, the anther splits open, allowing the pollen to be released into the environment. The pollen can then be carried to the female reproductive organs of another flower, where it can fertilize the female gametes and result in the production of seeds. The structure and shape of the anther can vary greatly among different plant species, and the color and size of the pollen can also vary depending on the type of plant.
Apoptosis is a natural process of programmed cell death that occurs in multicellular organisms. It is a highly regulated process by which cells in the body undergo a series of biochemical and morphological changes that lead to their controlled self-destruction. Apoptosis plays a crucial role in normal development, maintenance, and repair of tissues in the body, as well as in the immune system's response to infection and disease. It also serves as a mechanism to eliminate cells that are no longer needed or have become damaged or abnormal, and prevents the accumulation of potentially harmful cells that could lead to cancer or other diseases. During apoptosis, cells undergo characteristic changes such as cell shrinkage, membrane blebbing, fragmentation of the nucleus and DNA, and the formation of apoptotic bodies, which are then engulfed and digested by surrounding cells. The process is carried out by a complex signaling pathway that involves the activation of specific genes and proteins, including caspases, which are enzymes that break down cellular components and trigger apoptosis. While apoptosis is a normal part of cellular physiology, dysregulation of this process can lead to a variety of diseases, including cancer, neurodegenerative disorders, and autoimmune diseases. Understanding the mechanisms underlying apoptosis is an important area of research in biomedicine and has implications for the development of new treatments for various diseases. Studies have shown that certain compounds in cannabis, such as THC and CBD, may have the ability to induce apoptosis in some types of cancer cells. For example, research has suggested that THC may be able to induce apoptosis in glioma cells, a type of brain cancer, while CBD may be able to induce apoptosis in breast cancer cells. However, it's important to note that the effects of cannabis on apoptosis are still not fully understood, and more research is needed to fully explore this potential therapeutic application.
Autoflower, short for "autoflowering," refers to a type of cannabis plant that is genetically modified to automatically switch from vegetative growth to the flowering stage without requiring a change in light exposure. Unlike traditional cannabis strains, which require a change in the light cycle to trigger the flowering stage, autoflowers will begin to flower automatically after a certain period of time, usually around 3-4 weeks after germination. This makes them a popular choice for outdoor growers who may not have the ability to control the light exposure of their plants. Autoflowers tend to be smaller and produce lower yields than traditional cannabis strains, but they also have a shorter life cycle, which allows for multiple harvests per year. They are often used for their high resin production and are favored by some growers for their ease of cultivation and quick turnaround time.
Bud rot, also known as gray mold or botrytis, is a fungal disease that affects cannabis plants. It is caused by the Botrytis cinerea fungus, which can infect and spread rapidly throughout the plant, particularly in warm and humid conditions. Bud rot can be identified by the presence of grayish-brown mold that appears on the plant's flowers or buds, causing them to decay and rot. The mold can spread quickly and may also produce spores that can be harmful to human health if inhaled. If left untreated, bud rot can destroy entire cannabis crops and significantly reduce their yield and quality. Prevention is key when it comes to bud rot, and measures such as maintaining proper airflow and humidity levels, pruning infected plant material, and keeping the growing area clean and free of debris can help reduce the risk of infection. If bud rot is detected, affected plants should be removed and destroyed to prevent the spread of the fungus to other plants.
Bulbous trichomes are a type of glandular trichome found on the surface of some plant species. These trichomes consist of a stalk and a head, which is often enlarged and bulb-like in shape, but smaller in size that capitate-stalked trichomes. The head of the trichome contains a secretory cavity filled with various compounds, such as terpenes and other oils. Bulbous trichomes are found in many plants, including cannabis, mint, and tomato. The function of bulbous trichomes is not completely understood, but they may play a role in plant defense against herbivores and pathogens, as well as in attracting pollinators. Cannabis produced both simple and complex bulbous trichomes.
Cannabinoids are a class of chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant and also naturally produced in the human body. They interact with the body's endocannabinoid system, which is involved in regulating various physiological and cognitive processes, such as mood, appetite, pain sensation, and memory. There are more than 100 cannabinoids in the cannabis plant, but the two most well-known and extensively studied are delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). Other cannabinoids that have gained attention for their potential medicinal benefits include cannabigerol (CBG), cannabinol (CBN), and tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV). The study of cannabinoids and their effects on the body is an active area of research, and scientists are continuing to explore the therapeutic potential of these compounds.
Cannabis Indica is a species of the Cannabis plant, which is native to the Hindu Kush mountain range in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. It is one of the three main species of the Cannabis plant, along with Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Ruderalis. Cannabis Indica plants are characterized by their short, bushy structure, with wider leaves that are usually darker in color than other varieties of the Cannabis plant. They typically have a shorter flowering cycle than other species of Cannabis, and are usually associated with more relaxing and sedative effects, which has made them popular among users seeking a more calming, therapeutic experience.
Cannabis Ruderalis is a species of the Cannabis plant, which is native to Central and Eastern Europe, Russia, and parts of Asia. It is one of the three main species of the Cannabis plant, along with Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica. Cannabis Ruderalis plants are characterized by their small stature and hardy nature, and are generally considered to be less potent than other varieties of Cannabis. They typically have a very short flowering cycle, which makes them useful for breeding and hybridization purposes.
Cannabis Sativa is a species of the Cannabis plant, which is native to various parts of the world, including Asia, Africa, and the Americas. It is one of the three main species of the Cannabis plant, along with Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Ruderalis. Cannabis Sativa plants are characterized by their tall, thin structure, with narrow leaves that are usually lighter in color than other varieties of the Cannabis plant. They typically have a longer flowering cycle than other species of Cannabis, and are usually associated with more cerebral and uplifting effects, which has made them popular among users seeking a more energetic, creative experience.
Capitate-sessile trichomes are a type of trichome found on the surface of cannabis flowers or buds. They are smaller and less abundant than capitate-stalked trichomes, and are characterized by their short, glandular heads that are attached directly to the surface of the plant without a stalk. Capitate-sessile trichomes also contain high concentrations of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other beneficial compounds, but are usually less abundant in resin than their capitate-stalked counterparts. Capitate-sessile trichomes can be found on the surface of leaves and stems as well as flowers, and are often used as an indicator of the overall quality and potency of the cannabis plant. Recent research has demonstrated the development of capitate-sessile trichomes into capitate-stalked trichomes.
The different trichome types - [source]
Capitate-stalked trichomes are a type of trichome found on the surface of cannabis flowers or buds. They are often the largest and most abundant type of trichome and consist of a stalk and a glandular head. The stalk of the trichome is usually elongated and multicellular, while the head contains a concentrated mixture of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other beneficial compounds. Capitate-stalked trichomes are responsible for producing the majority of the resin that covers the surface of the cannabis plant and is highly sought after in the production of high-quality cannabis concentrates. The size and density of capitate-stalked trichomes can vary depending on the strain of cannabis, growing conditions, and other factors, and are often used as an indicator of potency and quality in the cannabis industry.
CBD stands for cannabidiol, which is a chemical compound found in the cannabis plant. Unlike THC, CBD is not intoxicating, meaning it doesn't produce the "high" associated with cannabis use. Instead, CBD has been researched for its therapeutic properties and is used for medicinal purposes to relieve symptoms such as pain, anxiety, and inflammation. CBD works by interacting with the body's endocannabinoid system, which is involved in regulating various bodily functions such as mood, appetite, and sleep. It is commonly available in various forms, including oils, capsules, gummies, and creams, and has gained popularity in recent years as a natural alternative to traditional medicine. However, it is important to note that more research is needed to fully understand the potential benefits and risks of using CBD.
CBG stands for cannabigerol, which is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. Like THC and CBD, CBG interacts with the body's endocannabinoid system and has potential therapeutic benefits. CBG is considered a precursor to other cannabinoids, meaning that it is often converted into THC or CBD as the plant matures. However, CBG itself has been studied for its potential anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, and antibacterial properties. It is often used in combination with other cannabinoids to enhance the overall benefits of cannabis. CBG is less well-known and less widely available than THC and CBD, but it is gaining attention from researchers and cannabis enthusiasts as a potentially valuable compound.
A chemotype is a subspecies or variety of a plant species that has a distinct chemical composition, particularly in terms of its essential oils, terpenes, or other phytochemicals. In the case of cannabis, a chemotype is a specific variety of the plant that is defined by its unique combination and proportion of cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD, and terpenes, which contribute to its characteristic aroma and flavor. Chemotypes are typically identified and classified through chemical analysis, such as gas chromatography or mass spectrometry, which can reveal the specific chemical compounds present in a plant or plant extract. This information can be used to help determine the potential medicinal properties and effects of a particular chemotype, as well as to guide breeding and cultivation efforts to produce plants with specific chemical profiles. In the cannabis industry, chemotypes are often referred to as strains, and are marketed and sold based on their unique chemical composition and effects on the user. Different chemotypes may be preferred for different medicinal or recreational uses, and can vary widely in terms of their potency, flavor, and aroma. The identification and classification of chemotypes is an important part of cannabis research and breeding, and can help to inform the development of new and effective cannabis-based medicines and therapies.
In the cannabis industry, a clone is a vegetative cutting taken from a female cannabis plant, which is then rooted and grown into a new, genetically identical plant. Cloning is a popular method of cannabis propagation, as it allows growers to produce new plants that have the same characteristics and properties as the mother plant, without the need for seeds or sexual reproduction.
Cannabis clones are typically taken during the vegetative stage of growth, when the plant is actively growing new leaves and stems. The cutting is taken from a healthy, mature plant, and is typically about 4 to 6 inches long, with several nodes where new leaves and stems are growing. The cutting is then placed in a rooting medium, such as rockwool or soil, and provided with the proper conditions to encourage root growth and new plant growth.
Cloning is a useful technique for cannabis growers who want to maintain a specific strain or phenotype, as it allows them to produce a large number of genetically identical plants with the same desirable traits. It is also a cost-effective method of cannabis cultivation, as it eliminates the need to purchase new seeds for each growing cycle. However, clones can be more susceptible to pests and diseases than seed-grown plants, and require careful monitoring and maintenance to ensure healthy growth and development.
CoA (Certificate of Analytics)
A cannabis COA (Certificate of Analysis) is a document that provides detailed information about the contents of a cannabis product, such as flower, extract, or edible. It is typically issued by a third-party laboratory and includes information about the cannabinoid and terpene profiles, residual solvent and pesticide levels, and microbial contaminants present in the sample.
The COA is an important tool for ensuring that cannabis products are safe, pure, and accurately labeled. It can be used by consumers to verify the potency and quality of a product, as well as by regulatory agencies to enforce quality control standards for the cannabis industry.
While COAs are an important tool for verifying the safety and quality of cannabis products, there are some risks associated with their use. One risk is that COAs can be manipulated or falsified by companies in order to sell more of their products. Here are some ways that this could happen:
Providing inaccurate or incomplete information: Companies may not provide a full and accurate representation of the contents of their products, such as the potency or presence of contaminants.
Using unaccredited or biased testing labs: Companies may choose to work with testing labs that have lower standards or are known to provide favorable results.
Tampering with samples: Companies could tamper with the cannabis samples that are sent to the testing lab to ensure a more favorable result, for example, by diluting or contaminating the sample.
Using outdated COAs: Companies may use COAs from previous batches or from different products that do not accurately reflect the current product being sold.
To avoid falling victim to manipulated COAs, it is important for consumers to research the testing labs used by companies and look for COAs from reputable, accredited labs. It may also be helpful to compare COAs from different labs to ensure that the information is consistent. Additionally, consumers should be cautious of products that do not have a COA or that have incomplete or inaccurate information provided.
There is some crossover between a COA and a grading system; as a grading system such as the TDC Grading System™ may also be used to evaluate the quality and potential effects of cannabis flower.
Dabble Cannabis Co - Lave Hash Rosin, Strawberry Jam
In the cannabis industry, a concentrate refers to a highly potent cannabis product that is made by extracting the plant's active compounds, such as cannabinoids and terpenes, from the raw plant material.
Cannabis concentrates are produced using a variety of methods, including solvent-based extraction methods, such as butane hash oil (BHO), CO2 extraction, or ethanol extraction, and solventless extraction methods, such as rosin pressing or ice water hash. These methods can produce concentrates with varying consistencies, such as oil, shatter, wax, crumble, or budder, which can be used for different applications and methods of consumption.
A cultivar, short for "cultivated variety," refers to a plant that has been selectively bred by humans for specific traits or characteristics, such as disease resistance, yield, taste, or appearance.
Cultivars can be developed through a variety of methods, such as traditional crossbreeding, genetic modification, or cloning, and are often given unique names to distinguish them from other varieties.
In agriculture, cultivars are commonly used in the production of crops and livestock, and are often developed to meet specific market demands or growing conditions. For example, a cultivar of wheat may be bred to produce a high yield in a particular climate or to have a specific protein content for use in baking. Similarly, a cultivar of a livestock breed may be developed to have a certain appearance or to be more resistant to certain diseases.
In the cannabis industry, cultivars are often referred to as strains, and are bred for specific characteristics such as potency, flavor, and aroma. Cultivars can also be trademarked or patented by breeders, and are often marketed and sold under specific brand names. The development and use of cultivars is an important part of modern agriculture and horticulture, allowing for more efficient and sustainable production of crops and livestock.
Cystoliths are small, mineralized structures found in the leaves and stems of certain plants. These structures are made of calcium carbonate and are often visible as small bumps on the surface of the plant tissue. Cystoliths form within specialized cells called lithocysts, which are found in the plant's epidermis or cortex. The function of cystoliths is not completely understood, but they may provide structural support to the plant, help regulate water balance, or play a role in defense against herbivores. The term "cystolithic" is used to describe plant tissues or organs that contain cystoliths.
The endocannabinoid system is a complex cell-signaling system in the human body that is involved in regulating a variety of physiological and cognitive processes, including mood, appetite, pain sensation, and memory. It is composed of cannabinoid receptors, endocannabinoids (cannabinoids produced naturally in the body), and enzymes that help synthesize and break down endocannabinoids. The endocannabinoid system is believed to play a role in maintaining homeostasis, or balance, in the body, and it helps modulate the activity of other neurotransmitter systems. The endocannabinoid system is also involved in the effects of cannabis on the body, as the cannabinoids found in the plant interact with the same receptors as endocannabinoids. The study of the endocannabinoid system is an active area of research, and scientists are continuing to learn more about how it functions and how it may be targeted for therapeutic purposes. The endocannabinoid system (ECS) was discovered in the early 1990s. In 1990, researchers at the National Institute of Mental Health in the United States discovered the first endocannabinoid receptor, known as CB1, in the brain of a rat. Then in 1992, they discovered another endocannabinoid receptor, CB2, in immune system cells. Later that same year, researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel isolated and identified an endocannabinoid molecule, which they named anandamide. These discoveries led to the realization that the body produces its own cannabinoids, called endocannabinoids, and that the ECS plays a crucial role in regulating a wide range of physiological processes.
Esters are organic compounds that are formed by the reaction of an alcohol and a carboxylic acid. They are characterized by their sweet, fruity, and pleasant aroma and are commonly used in the production of perfumes, flavorings, and solvents. Esters are important in many biological processes, including the synthesis of fats and oils, and they are also found in many natural products, such as fruits and flowers. They have a low boiling point, which makes them volatile and easy to evaporate, and they are used in a variety of industrial applications, including as solvents and plasticizers.
Ethylene is a simple hydrocarbon gas with the chemical formula C2H4. It is a colorless, flammable gas with a sweet odor, and is produced by many fruits, vegetables, and other plants as a natural hormone.
Ethylene is a plant hormone that plays a critical role in the growth and development of many plant species, including cannabis. Ethylene is involved in a variety of plant processes, including seed germination, fruit ripening, and flower development.
In cannabis plants, ethylene can play a role in flower development and the maturation of buds. As the plant matures, it produces more ethylene, which can trigger the onset of flowering and help to ensure that the flowers develop fully.
Ethylene can also be used to induce flowering in cannabis plants that are not growing under natural conditions. By exposing the plant to a small amount of ethylene gas, growers can trigger the flowering process and promote the development of mature buds.
However, it's important to note that ethylene can also be a stressor for cannabis plants. High levels of ethylene exposure can cause a range of problems, including bud rot, leaf yellowing, and premature aging. As with any plant hormone or growth stimulant, it's important to use ethylene carefully and in accordance with best practices to avoid negative impacts on plant health and development.
In the cannabis industry, an extract refers to a concentrated form of cannabis that is produced by separating and isolating the active compounds, such as cannabinoids and terpenes, from the plant material.
There are a variety of methods used to extract cannabis, including solvent-based extraction methods, such as butane hash oil (BHO) or CO2 extraction, which use solvents to dissolve and isolate the active compounds, and solventless extraction methods, such as rosin pressing, which use heat and pressure to extract the compounds without the use of solvents.
The resulting cannabis extract can come in a variety of forms and consistencies, ranging from a sticky, gooey texture to a more solid, crystalline texture, and can be used in a variety of ways, such as smoking, vaporizing, dabbing, or incorporating into edibles or topicals.
Genotype refers to the genetic makeup of an organism, including all of its inherited genes. In other words, it refers to the specific combination of genes that an individual has inherited from its parents.
The term "genotype" can be used in various fields of biology, including genetics, evolution, and ecology. In the context of genetics, the genotype determines the physical and behavioral traits of an organism, such as eye color, height, and susceptibility to certain diseases. It also plays a role in how those traits are expressed, through interactions between the genetic code and environmental factors.
In the context of the cannabis industry, genotype is often used to refer to the genetic makeup of a cannabis plant. Understanding the genotype of a plant is important for cultivators and breeders, as it can help them predict the plant's physical and chemical characteristics, such as its growth rate, yield, and cannabinoid and terpene profiles.
A grading system is a set of standards or criteria used to assess and evaluate the quality or performance of something. Grading systems are used in various fields and industries, including education, manufacturing, agriculture, and more.
In general, a grading system involves assigning a score or rating to an item or activity based on a set of predetermined criteria. The criteria can vary depending on the context, but may include factors such as quality, accuracy, speed, efficiency, or other relevant measures.
A cannabis grading system can be useful for growers, retailers and consumers to help differentiate their products and provide customers with a standardized way of evaluating the quality of the cannabis they are purchasing.
Overall, grading systems provide a standardized way to evaluate performance or quality, which can help to ensure consistency, accuracy, and fairness in assessments and evaluations.
In the cannabis industry, hash, short for hashish, is a concentrated form of cannabis that is produced by collecting and compressing trichomes, the resinous glands that contain the plant's cannabinoids and terpenes. Hash is typically made by agitating the trichomes of the cannabis plant using screens, filters, or other methods to separate the resin from the plant material.
Hash comes in a variety of forms and consistencies, ranging from dry and crumbly to sticky and pliable, and can be smoked, vaporized, or ingested. It is known for its potent effects, as the concentrated cannabinoids and terpenes in hash can be several times more potent than those found in traditional cannabis flower.
Hash is often sold and consumed alongside traditional cannabis products, and is marketed based on its particular strain, potency, and flavor profile. It is a popular choice among cannabis enthusiasts and medical patients looking for a more intense or long-lasting experience, or for those who prefer a more discrete method of consumption.
In the cannabis industry, hemp refers to a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is specifically cultivated for its industrial uses, such as fiber, oil, and seeds. Hemp is characterized by its low concentration of THC, the psychoactive compound that is abundant in other varieties of the cannabis plant.
Hemp has been used for centuries in a variety of industries, including textiles, paper, food, and construction, and is now increasingly used in the production of a range of products, such as clothing, paper, biofuels, and supplements.
In the United States, hemp was prohibited for many years due to its association with marijuana, but in 2018, the Agriculture Improvement Act, also known as the 2018 Farm Bill, removed hemp from the Controlled Substances Act, effectively legalizing its cultivation, transportation, and sale at the federal level.
Today, the hemp industry is rapidly growing, with a range of companies and products emerging to meet the demand for hemp-based products. Hemp-derived CBD products, for example, have become increasingly popular due to their potential health benefits and lack of psychoactive effects, and are now widely available in many parts of the world.
Yes, hemp can be used to make batteries. Hemp fibers and extracts have been studied as potential materials for use in batteries due to their high surface area, porosity, and ability to conduct electricity.
One way that hemp can be used in batteries is as a supercapacitor material. Supercapacitors are energy storage devices that can deliver energy quickly and efficiently, making them useful for applications such as electric vehicles and grid-scale energy storage. Hemp fibers have been shown to have excellent electrochemical properties and can be processed into a carbon-like material that can be used as a supercapacitor electrode.
In addition, hemp extracts such as CBD and other cannabinoids have been studied as potential electrolytes for use in batteries. An electrolyte is a substance that conducts electricity and is used in batteries to facilitate the flow of ions between the positive and negative electrodes. Hemp extracts have been shown to have good ion conductivity and stability, making them potentially useful as electrolytes in batteries.
However, it's important to note that the use of hemp in batteries is still in the experimental stage, and more research is needed to fully understand its potential as a battery material. Nonetheless, hemp represents a promising and sustainable alternative to traditional battery materials, and its use in batteries is an exciting area of research and development.
Yes, hemp can be used as a biofuel. Biofuels are fuels that are produced from renewable organic matter, such as plants, and hemp has been identified as a promising source of biofuel due to its fast growth rate, high biomass yield, and potential for cultivation on marginal land.
There are several ways that hemp can be used as a biofuel. One approach is to convert the plant's cellulose into biofuel through a process known as cellulosic ethanol production. In this process, the hemp biomass is broken down into sugars, which are then fermented and distilled to produce ethanol, a type of alcohol that can be used as a fuel.
Another approach is to use hemp oil as a biodiesel fuel. Hemp oil can be extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant and then refined and processed to produce biodiesel fuel. Biodiesel is a renewable, biodegradable fuel that can be used in diesel engines without modification.
Hemp has several advantages over other biofuel crops, such as corn and soybeans, which are commonly used for biofuel production. For example, hemp requires less water and fertilizer than other crops, and can be grown on marginal land that is not suitable for food crops. Additionally, hemp biofuels produce lower greenhouse gas emissions than fossil fuels and are considered a more sustainable alternative to traditional fuels.
"Jar rot" is a term used in the cannabis industry to describe a condition in which cannabis buds develop mold or other forms of decay inside storage jars or containers. Jar rot can occur when the buds are not properly dried or cured, when they are stored in a humid environment, or when they are not properly sealed in an airtight container. If left unchecked, jar rot can destroy the quality of the cannabis buds and make them unsafe to consume. It can also lead to the growth of harmful bacteria and fungi that can be dangerous to inhale. To prevent jar rot, it is important to properly dry and cure cannabis buds before storing them in airtight containers, and to monitor the humidity levels in the storage environment to ensure they stay within a safe range.
More: How to spot mould in your weed
In the context of cannabis, a landrace refers to a strain of cannabis that is indigenous to a specific geographic region and has adapted to the local environment over many generations. Landrace strains are often named after the region where they are found, such as Afghani, Thai, or Malawi.
Landrace strains are typically pure, meaning that they have not been crossbred with other strains. They are known for their unique flavor, aroma, and effects, which can be influenced by factors such as climate, soil composition, and other environmental factors in the region where they grow.
Due to their genetic stability and adaptability, landrace strains have been used as breeding stock to create new hybrid strains with specific characteristics. However, due to factors such as globalization and changing agricultural practices, many landrace strains are now endangered and at risk of being lost forever. As a result, there are ongoing efforts in the cannabis community to preserve and protect landrace strains for future generations.
Live Hash Rosin
Live hash rosin is a type of cannabis concentrate made by pressing high-quality hash that has been produced from freshly harvested, frozen cannabis flowers. The process involves combining the hash with heat and pressure to extract the trichomes, the resinous glands that contain the plant's cannabinoids and terpenes, which are then collected and formed into a concentrated product.
The use of freshly harvested, frozen cannabis flowers in the production of live hash rosin is believed to help preserve the full spectrum of terpenes and cannabinoids, resulting in a concentrate with a more complex and nuanced flavor profile and a higher potency than traditional hash rosin made from cured cannabis.
Live hash rosin can come in a variety of forms and consistencies, ranging from a sticky, gooey texture to a more solid, crumbly texture, and can be smoked, vaporized, or dabbed. It is often marketed and sold based on its strain, potency, and flavor profile, and is a popular choice among cannabis enthusiasts and medical patients looking for a more intense or long-lasting experience.
Live resin is a type of cannabis concentrate that is made using freshly harvested cannabis plants that have been frozen immediately after harvest. This process is intended to preserve the terpene content of the plant, resulting in a concentrate that is known for its flavorful and aromatic profile.
The process of making live resin involves using solvents, such as butane or propane, to extract the active compounds, including cannabinoids and terpenes, from the frozen plant material. This process produces a highly potent and flavorful concentrate that is often used in vaporizers or dab rigs.
Live resin can come in a variety of consistencies, including a sauce-like consistency or a more solid and shatter-like form. The consistency of the final product is often determined by the specific extraction process used.
Live rosin is a type of cannabis concentrate that is made by pressing high-quality hash that has been produced from freshly harvested, frozen cannabis flowers. Like live resin, the use of freshly harvested, frozen cannabis flowers is intended to preserve the terpene content of the plant, resulting in a concentrate that is known for its flavorful and aromatic profile.
The process of making live rosin involves using heat and pressure to extract the active compounds, including cannabinoids and terpenes, from the frozen hash. This process produces a highly potent and flavorful concentrate that is often used in vaporizers or dab rigs.
Live rosin can come in a variety of consistencies, including a sticky, gooey texture or a more solid and crumbly texture. The consistency of the final product is often determined by the specific extraction process used.
In the cannabis industry, a mother plant is a mature, female cannabis plant that is used for cloning purposes. A mother plant is typically a healthy, high-quality plant that exhibits desirable traits, such as high yield, potency, or specific flavor or aroma profile. By maintaining a mother plant, cannabis growers can produce a large number of genetically identical plants with the same characteristics and properties, without the need for seeds or sexual reproduction.
To maintain a mother plant, cannabis growers typically keep the plant in a vegetative state by providing it with the proper lighting and nutrient regimen. The mother plant is pruned regularly to encourage new growth and maintain its shape and size. Growers may also take regular cuttings or clones from the mother plant to produce new plants with the same genetics and properties.
Maintaining a mother plant is a useful technique for cannabis growers who want to ensure consistency and quality in their plants. By using clones from a high-quality mother plant, growers can produce a large number of plants that exhibit the same desirable traits, resulting in a more consistent and predictable crop. However, it is important to carefully monitor and maintain the health of the mother plant, as any pests or diseases can quickly spread to the entire crop.
Non-glandular trichomes are hair-like outgrowths found on the surface of many plant species. Unlike glandular trichomes, which secrete oils or other substances, non-glandular trichomes lack any secretory function. Non-glandular trichomes serve various functions such as protection against herbivores, environmental stress, and ultraviolet radiation. They can also play a role in reducing water loss by trapping a layer of moisture around the plant's surface, and can contribute to the plant's overall structural integrity. Non-glandular trichomes come in various shapes and sizes, ranging from long and thin to short and wide, and can be unicellular or multicellular.
Phenotype refers to the observable physical and behavioral traits of an organism that result from the interaction between its genotype and the environment. In other words, it is the outward expression of an individual's genetic makeup in response to environmental factors.
The phenotype can include a wide range of characteristics, such as physical traits like height, hair color, and eye shape, as well as behavioral traits like intelligence, temperament, and disease susceptibility. These traits are shaped by both genetic and environmental factors, including things like diet, exercise, exposure to toxins, and social and cultural influences.
In the context of the cannabis industry, phenotype is often used to refer to the physical and chemical characteristics of a cannabis plant. This can include traits like plant size, leaf shape, flower structure, and the plant's cannabinoid and terpene profiles. Understanding the phenotype of a cannabis plant is important for cultivators and breeders, as it can help them predict the plant's yield, potency, and medicinal properties, and determine whether a particular plant is suitable for specific growing conditions.
Photoperiod refers to the duration of light and darkness that a plant is exposed to over a 24-hour period, which can have a significant impact on its growth and development. Photoperiodism is a biological response that many plants exhibit, in which changes in the length of daylight trigger certain physiological and metabolic processes, such as flowering and vegetative growth.
In the context of cannabis, photoperiod is an important factor to consider when growing cannabis plants, as it can determine whether a plant will grow as a short, bushy plant with a high yield, or as a tall, lanky plant with a lower yield. Indoor cannabis growers often use artificial lighting to control the photoperiod of their plants, simulating the natural changes in daylight to trigger different stages of growth and flowering. By adjusting the photoperiod, growers can manipulate the growth and development of their plants to achieve specific goals.
Phytocannabinoids are naturally occurring chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant. "Phyto" means "plant," so phytocannabinoids are cannabinoids that are produced by plants, as opposed to endocannabinoids, which are produced naturally in the human body. There are more than 100 different phytocannabinoids that have been identified in the cannabis plant, with the most well-known being delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). Phytocannabinoids are believed to interact with the body's endocannabinoid system, which helps regulate a range of physiological and cognitive processes, including pain sensation, mood, appetite, and memory. While THC is primarily known for its psychoactive effects, many phytocannabinoids are being studied for their potential therapeutic properties, and the study of phytocannabinoids is an active area of research.
Powdery mildew is a type of fungal disease that affects a wide range of plants, including trees, shrubs, vegetables, and ornamental plants. The disease is caused by various species of the fungi in the order Erysiphales, and is characterized by a powdery or fuzzy white coating on the leaves, stems, and flowers of the infected plant. The powdery mildew fungus typically grows on the surface of the plant tissue and can interfere with the plant's ability to photosynthesize, resulting in stunted growth, yellowing leaves, and reduced yield or quality of fruits and vegetables. Powdery mildew is often more severe in warm, dry weather conditions and is commonly spread through the air or by contact between infected and healthy plants. Treatment and management of powdery mildew may involve the use of fungicides, cultural practices, and genetic resistance in plants.
RSO - Rick Simpson Oil
RSO (Rick Simpson Oil) is a cannabis oil that is named after its creator, Rick Simpson. It is made from high-THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) cannabis strains using a solvent-based extraction method, which is then evaporated to leave behind a thick, tar-like substance that is rich in cannabinoids and terpenes.
Rick Simpson, a Canadian activist, claims that RSO can cure cancer and other chronic illnesses. He published his Pheonix Tears recipe online ensuring it was in the public domain. Hero! RSO as a cancer treatment is not approved by medical authorities.
A sedative is a type of drug or substance that is used to calm or relax a person and induce drowsiness or sleep.
Sedatives work by depressing the central nervous system, which can slow down brain activity and reduce the feeling of anxiety or stress. They can also cause muscle relaxation, lower blood pressure, and decrease heart rate.
Cannabis can act as a sedative, a stimulant, or somewhere in between.
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In botany, a seed is a mature, fertilized ovule of a flowering plant that contains an embryo, which can develop into a new plant. The seed is composed of a protective outer layer called the seed coat, which encases the embryo and a food source, such as endosperm or cotyledons, that provides nourishment for the developing embryo. Seeds are an important adaptation that allows plants to reproduce and disperse their offspring over wide areas. They can be dispersed by various means, including wind, water, and animals. In addition to their role in plant reproduction, seeds are also an important source of food for humans and animals. They are used in a wide range of applications, from agriculture and horticulture to food production and medicine.
A stimulant is a type of drug or substance that can increase alertness, attention, and energy levels. Stimulants work by increasing the activity of the central nervous system, which can cause the release of certain chemicals in the brain, such as dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin.
Stimulants can be used medically to treat conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), narcolepsy, and obesity. Commonly used stimulants include caffeine, nicotine, amphetamines, and cocaine. Some prescription stimulants include methylphenidate (Ritalin), dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine), and lisdexamfetamine (Vyvanse).
Cannabis can act as a sedative, a stimulant, or somewhere in between.
In the cannabis industry, a strain or 'cultivar' refers to a particular variety or subspecies of the cannabis plant that has been bred for specific characteristics, such as its growth habits, cannabinoid and terpene profiles, and overall effects on the user.
Cannabis strains are often named after their geographic origin, physical appearance, or distinctive aroma and flavor, and can vary widely in terms of their potency, effects, and medicinal properties.
In the cannabis industry, strains are often marketed and sold to consumers based on their unique characteristics and effects, with each strain offering a different experience for the user. This has led to a vast and diverse range of strains available on the market, and many cannabis enthusiasts and medical patients have their own personal favorites based on their individual needs and preferences.
Terpenes are a large and diverse class of organic compounds that are produced by many plants, as well as some animals and fungi. They are often responsible for the characteristic aroma and flavor of various plant species, such as lavender, pine, and citrus fruits. Terpenes are formed by the combination of five-carbon building blocks called isoprene units, and can vary in structure and function depending on the number and arrangement of these building blocks. Some terpenes have been found to have medicinal properties, such as anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, and analgesic effects, and are used in a variety of applications, including aromatherapy, cosmetics, and food flavorings. In addition, terpenes play important ecological roles in plants, such as attracting pollinators and repelling herbivores and pathogens.
THC stands for delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, which is a chemical compound found in the cannabis plant. THC is the main psychoactive component of cannabis, meaning it's the compound responsible for producing the "high" associated with marijuana use. When THC is consumed, it interacts with the body's endocannabinoid system, which is involved in regulating mood, appetite, and other bodily functions. This interaction produces a range of effects, including euphoria, relaxation, altered perception of time, and changes in appetite and mood. THC is also used for medicinal purposes to relieve symptoms such as pain, nausea, and muscle spasms.
Thiols, also known as mercaptans, are organic compounds that contain a sulfur atom and a hydrogen atom. They are characterized by their distinctive, strong odor, and are commonly found in garlic, onions, and other plants. Thiols are important in many biological processes, including the formation of disulfide bonds in proteins and the synthesis of coenzyme A, which is involved in the metabolism of fatty acids. They are also used in the production of a variety of industrial chemicals, including pharmaceuticals, pesticides, and plastics. Thiols are highly reactive and can undergo a variety of chemical reactions, including oxidation and reduction. They are sometimes used as reducing agents in organic chemistry, and are also used in the production of sulfur-containing compounds like sulfides and sulfates. In cannabis, thiols are responsible for the gassy and skunky aromas of certain cultivars.
Trichomes are small, hair-like structures that grow on the surface of the leaves, stems, and buds of many plants, including cannabis. In cannabis plants, glandular trichomes are highly concentrated in the flowers or buds and contain the highest levels of cannabinoids and terpenes, which are responsible for the plant's unique scent and therapeutic properties. Trichomes are just about visible to the naked eye and have a crystal-like appearance. They can vary in size, shape, and color, depending on the strain of cannabis and its growth conditions. Trichomes play an important role in the cannabis industry, as they are used to indicate the potency and quality of the plant, and are often harvested for the production of high-quality cannabis concentrates such as hashish, kief, and oils.